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《天津景象》 Views in Tientsin

 

弗兰克·萨德尔·布里尔顿少尉    《天津景象》

 

天津:1861年。

 

1861年,第二次鸦片战争结束时,布里尔顿少尉在天津绘制的素描簿,共有54幅水墨画和铅笔画。长方形小8开,11 x 9厘米,原初棕褐色摩洛哥皮装帧的相册,黄铜书扣,上有文具商亨利·佩尼标识,书封内也有此文具商的标签。有26幅关于天津和大沽口炮台的图片,包括一幅南炮台的双页图像。此外,相册中还有一副热带景象,两幅新加坡景象,6个爪哇景象,日期均为1861年。相册中还有1863年苏格兰的19副景象。这个合集完整地描绘了天津、新加坡和爪哇的风土面貌。

 

相册内还夹有布里尔顿儿子所写的附注,说他父亲当时身在天津,属第六十步枪队第二营。并在18608月积极参与了对大沽口炮台的进攻。这是为执行1858年《天津条约》而采取的第三次战役。附注上还称,布里尔顿和一个小分队从舰艇乘小船上岸进行战斗。英法在这场战役中的胜利确保了鸦片贸易的继续,并开通了前往盟军已于186010月占领的北京的水上交通。附注为打字稿,用的纸张上有老布里尔顿的抬头,上面标注着他在军旅生涯结束时的军衔是中校。

 

这摄影合辑从鸦片战争时代流传至今,保存完好,品相上乘。

 

Ensign Frank Sadleir Brereton.  [Views in Tientsin]

 

Tientsin: 1861.

 

The original sketch book with drawings by Ensign Brereton in Tientsin in 1861 at the conclusion of the Second Opium War, containing 54 ink & wash and pencil drawings.

Oblong small 8vo, 11 x 9 cm, in the original tan morocco album with brass clamp stamped Henry Penny, stationer, with his label on the front paste-down. With 26 views of Tientsin and the Taku Forts, including a double-page view of the South Forts; 1 tropical scene; 2 views of Singapore; and 6 of Java; all dated 1861. With a further 19 views at the album's end of Scotland, dated 1863. A complete list of the Tientsin, Singapore and Java views is available.

 

An inserted note by Brereton's son states that his father was with the Second Batallion, 60th Rifles, in Tientsin and was actively engaged in the attack on the Taku Forts in August 1860. This was the third battle to take the Taku Forts to enforce the 1858 Tientsin Treaty. The note also states that Brereton and a small command were ferried from their ship in small boats, from which they lept ashore to enter battle. The Anglo-French victory at that battle ensured the continuation of the opium trade and opened a river route to Peking, which the allied forces occupied in October 1860. The note is typed on Brereton Sr.'s letterhead showing that at the end of his army career his rank was Lieutenant-Colonel.

 

This album is a remarkable survival from the Opium Wars and in very good condition.

 

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