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23幅中国外销绘画 - 刑罚图画册 ALBUM OF 23 CHINESE EXPORT PAINTINGS OF PUNISHMENT AND TORTURE

 

23幅中国外销绘画 - 刑罚图画册

清王朝,十九世纪。

长方形对开本(246 x 371 mm)丝质原作集,丝绸装裱(轻微磨损,书脊已修复)。

23幅精美的画在通草纸上的水粉画,每幅都有丝绸装裱,描绘了十九世纪中国所实行的惩罚和酷刑,例如斩首,刽子手用刀砍掉了一个脑袋,准备再砍掉另一个脑袋。其他场景还包括千刀万剐、罪犯因说谎而被扇耳光、囚犯被竹棍抽打臀部等。

这些色彩鲜艳的画作不是由一个艺术家创作的,而是由一个工作室雇佣了许多工匠,他们完成了作品的不同部分。这些工匠用水粉颜料绘画,也就是添加了白色颜料的水彩画。它们被厚厚地涂在通草纸柔软、半透明的表面上,从而增强了它们的呈现效果。由于批量生产,图片之间会有相似性。模板被广泛用于勾画人物的轮廓,然后在将其上色。通草纸上的的中国水彩有时在英文中被称为米纸画。这其实是不准确的,因为他们与大米没有任何关系,而且通草纸的制造方式和普通纸纸不同。

这些绘画涉及到能够吸引外国人的中国生活的许多方面,在当时被称为明信片。刑事司法是当时中国最受欢迎的绘画题材之一。外国人对这种被告人不被代表,司法酷刑普遍存在的法律制度非常着迷。人们对逼供所采用的严厉审讯方法都有着令人毛骨悚然的兴趣,如夹手指(拶)、扇耳光和用绳子吊挂,以及从用竹棍殴打或被迫戴木轭(枷)到勒死、斩首,还有对最令人发指的罪行所采取的刀刮的惩罚。(安德鲁·戈斯林,澳大利亚国家图书馆)。

售价:6000美元

 

Quing dynasty, XIXth Century.

Oblong folio (246 x 371 mm.) Silk portfolio, closing ribbon (slightly worn, spine repaired).

23 fine colorful guaches on pith paper, each with a silk ribbon border, depicting punishments and tortures practiced in XIXth century China, such as beheading in which the executioner, having lopped off a head with a sabre, is poised to chop off another. Other scenes include death by “a thousand cuts,” slapping a criminal’s face for telling lies and lashing a prisoner’s buttocks with a bamboo stick.

These brightly coloured paintings were not created by a single artist but by a studio employing a number of artisans, who completed different parts of the work. These craftsmen painted with gouache, meaning watercolours with an added white pigment. This was applied thickly onto the soft, translucent surface of the pith, producing a raised effect. The close similarity of some of the pictures results from mass-production techniques. Templates were widely used to provide the outlines of figures, which could then be coloured. Chinese watercolours on pith have sometimes been called rice paper paintings in English. This is incorrect as they have nothing to do with rice and the pith is not manufactured like paper.

They dealt with many aspects of Chinese life which appealed to foreigners, being called the picture postcards of their day. Criminal justice in China was among the most popular subjects for pith paintings. Foreign visitors were fascinated by a legal system where the accused was not represented and judicial torture was common. There was a macabre interest in the harsh interrogation methods used to extract confessions, such as the finger press, face slapping and suspension by ropes, as well as punishments ranging from beating with bamboo or being forced to wear a wooden yoke (cangue) up to execution by strangulation, beheading or for the most heinous crimes slicing. (Andrew Gosling, National Library of Australia).

$6 000

 

 

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