这是描述信息
这是描述信息

皇朝一统舆地全图 Huang chao yi tong yu di quan tu

皇朝一统舆地全 Huang chao yi tong yu di quan tu

 

李兆洛编,董方礼绘制。皇朝一统舆地全图(帝国各省统一领域的完整地图)。大型大地图,由47块木刻印制的图版组成(图版完整,每块尺寸44.2x30厘米,其中3块图版来自另一幅本并放置在原空白处)。省界用彩色勾勒,并有手书注释(省名为中文(但为西人书写),其余注释为法文)。此图有标题,为拼图而制作经纬网格式,还有两页文字。每块图版都有带图案的丝绸背衬,边缘和表面轻微磨损,但总体品相甚佳,外有19世纪后半叶的法国书套。阳湖[今常州]道光12年(1832)刊行。

本图排列共8行,由李兆洛(1769-1841)编纂,董方礼(又称董有成,1791-1823)绘制,合并了前两幅图与最新资料,特别记录了河流、运河的变迁。其中,最重要的创新是这里使用了两组网格系统,即旧的方格网(计里画方),其中每个方格代表200里(约100 公里)的距离,以及西方的平行线和子午线系统,以点划线显示。文本解释说,子午线向北极汇聚,这一信息有助于更精确的天文观测。该地图显然是在帝国秘书处(内府)的许可下进行木版印刷的,这是耶稣会先前的机密调查首次在中国公开。它东起萨迦林,西至帕米尔高原,北起西伯利亚,南到中国海。请勿将其与1842年(道光22年)刊行的版本相混淆,后者以图集格式印刷,子午线以红色印刷。

董方礼和李兆洛都是阳湖人(今江苏常州人),即是数学家也是地理学家。董方礼自幼就是个数学天才,1818年他便中了举人,他在线性代数的发展中发挥了重要作用。李兆洛在1805年中了进士。他出版了几部关于地理、历史和数学的著作。两者都受到了耶稣会士引入的西方数学潮流的影响。这幅地图是第一个公开耶稣会调查的地图,由于包括网格地图系统,它在20世纪非常有影响力。极为罕见。

售价:65,000英镑

 

LI (Zhaoluo), compiled by. DONG (Fangli), drawn by.        皇朝一統 輿地全圖 Huang chao yi tong yu di quan tu. [Complete Map of the Unified Realm of the Imperial Provinces]. Large map of China consisting of 47 woodblock printed plates (complete, each measuring 44,2x30cm, 3 supplied from another copy; these laid down on the original spare blank sheets). Provincial boundaries coloured in outline, some manuscript annotations (names of provinces in Chinese characters (but in a Western hand), the rest in French). Title, separate pattern-chart for assembling the sheets, and two leaves of text. Each plate backed onto patterned silk, some minor marginal fraying and surface wear, but overall a very good set preserved in a later 19th century French slipcase. Yanghu [now Changzhou], Bian Zhi Shu Shu [Privately Printed], dated: Daoguang 12 [i.e. 1832].  

 

The present map in 8 rows was compiled by Li Zhaoluo (1769-1841) and drawn by Dong Fangli (also known as Dong Youcheng, 1791-1823) and it represents an amalgamation of the first two maps together with updated information, recording in particular the changing course of rivers and canals. The important innovation however was the use of two sets of grid systems, namely the old square Chinese grid (計裡畫方) where each square represents a distance of 200li (ca. 100km), as well as the western system of parallels and meridians shown in stippled lines. The text explains that meridians converge towards the north pole and that this information facilitated more accurate astronomical observations. The map was apparently printed from woodblock plates with the permission of the Imperial Secretariat () and this represents the first time that the previously confidential Jesuit surveys were made public in China. It covers the area from Sachalin in the east to the Pamirs in the west, from Siberia in the north to the South China Sea. It should not be confused with the 1842 (Daoguang 22) edition, printed in an atlas format with meridians printed in red.

Dong Fangli and Li Zhaoluo were both from Yanghu (now Changzhou, Jiangsu Province) and both were mathematicians as well as geographers. Dong was a maths genius from the youngest age, he passed the Juren degree in 1818, and played a major role in the development of linear algebra. Li obtained the Jinshi degree in 1805. He published several works on geography, history, and mathematics. Both were influenced by Western mathematical trends that had been introduced by the Jesuits. The present map is the first one to make the Jesuit surveys publicly available and due to the inclusion of a grid map system it was very influential into the 20th century. Extremely rare.

£65000

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