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这是描述信息

令人惊叹的银河系美柔汀铜版画 Stunning mezzotints of the Milky Way

 

 

令人惊叹的银河系美柔汀铜版画 Stunning mezzotints of the Milky Way

 

托马斯·赖特  《以自然法则为基础的宇宙的原始理论或新假设,并通过数学原理解决了宇宙的一般现象,特别是通过拉科蒂亚》

伦敦: 1750年。

售价:35,000美元

 

第一版,4开本,正文共84页;标题页用红色和黑色印刷,共有32张雕版插图(2幅折叠插图,8个相当壮观的美柔汀铜版画),木刻制作的首字母缩写、首尾图饰,带有勘误表和订阅者名单,没有最后的白页。近期的菲尔·杜塞尔装帧,斑纹小牛皮,书封有两条烫金线,书脊有七个竹节,中间饰有烫金图案。第一第二竹节间贴有镀金的红色摩洛哥皮书名标签,四分之一棕褐色小牛皮翻盖盒,品相良好,尺寸约为29cm x 23cm。订阅者名单只有113个名字,可以推断版本非常少,因此这本书也很稀有。

 

精美的插图本,在科学史上具有重要意义。赖特首先将银河系和星云解释为外部星系,并为康德、赫歇尔和拉普拉斯的宇宙理论提供了基础。赖特是一名航海教师,也是一名土地测量员,他假设宇宙有一个神圣的中心,与太阳和其他恒星围绕的引力中心相对应。他还提出了一个宇宙模型,在这个模型中,绕银河系运行的恒星形成了一个扁平的环,这可以作为对银河系视觉现象的一种解释。这一假设使得伊曼纽尔·康德忽略了赖特的中心是超自然,误以为莱特为盘状模型星系的理论起源。

 

Wright, Thomas. An original theory or new hypothesis of the universe, founded upon the laws of nature, and solving by mathematical principles the general phaenomena of the visible creation; and particularly the Via Lactea.

London: printed for the author, and sold by H. Chapelle, 1750.  

$35,000

 

First edition, 4to, pp. viii, [4], 84; title page printed in red and black, 32 engraved plates (2 folding, 8 rather spectacular ones in mezzotint), wood-engraved initials, head- and tailpieces, with the errata- and list of subscribers leaves, without the final blank; recent full speckled calf by Phil Dusel, double gilt-rule on covers, gilt-decorated spine in 7 compartments, red morocco label in 1, gilt edges; quarter tan calf clamshell box. A very nice, large copy measuring 11 3/8" x 9". The list of subscribers consists of a mere 113 names, so the edition was likely a small one and the book is consequently rare.

 

A beautifully illustrated book, and one of considerable importance in the history of science. Wright first explained the Milky Way and the nebulae as external galaxies and provided the basis for the theories on the universe by Kant, Herschel and Laplace. Wright, a teacher of navigation and a land surveyor by profession, "hypothesized a 'divine center' of the universe, corresponding to a gravitational center around which the sun and other stars orbited. He also proposed, as a possible explanation for the visual phenomenon of the Milky Way, a model of the universe in which the orbiting stars formed a flattened ring. This hypothesis caused Immanuel Kant, who did not realize that Wright's 'center' was supernatural, to credit Wright with originating a disk-shaped model of the galaxy" (Norman).

 

Norman 2265; DSB XIV, p.518-9; Honeyman 3143; Gingerich, Rara Astronomica 53.  [50032]

 

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